bitcoin milestones: XBT

XBT

I’ve blogged before about the pipeline of pending bitcoin milestones and country growth hacking so I should highlight progress on XBT as a currency code.

I attended the open data summit in Ottawa in May 2015 and prompted by some hardcore Q&A I decided to unblock the stalemate on BTC as a currency code.

I discovered that the United Nations and World Bank supported global aid flow database already includes a mechanism to include politically sensitive currency codes.  X is used as a prefix to the established currency code BTC and truncated to 3 characters, i.e. XBT.

A draft strategy emerged in the corridors at a fringe unconference on Saturday and fermented at a micro brewery in Gatineau (Quebec) on Saturday night:

  • shortlist charities already accepting bitcoin donations
  • register a wallet with a bitcoin operator based in the same country as the charity
  • process a cross-border bitcoin transaction
  • handcode the bitcoin transaction as cross-border aid flow in an XML aid flow transaction file to include XBT as the currency code
  • leverage an Isle of Man login to the global aid flow database to upload the cross border aid flow transaction file — ok, the system was developed to process millions of dollars/pounds/swiss francs/etc but millibits sounds like millions
  • request that the IATI technical support team add an XBT currency code to the official code list to stop validation errors in thousands of aid flow management systems and apps linked to the IATI API

With due diligence on shortlisted charities and previous bitcoin transactions via Blockchain Luxembourg, firstly I selected a German charity Amani Kinderdorf with projects in Africa to support AIDS orphans and secondly I selected a German bitcoin wallet operator cubits based on personal recommendations.

Disclosure: I subsequently accepted an advisory board member role for 3 months to research bitcoin mass adoption.

On 5th June 2015 I uploaded the transaction file.

On 11th September 2015 IATI started a private consultation on XBT as a currency code within the IATI Technical Advisory Group.

Disclosure: I am a member of the IATI TAG.

On 1st October 2015 it was confirmed that XBT had been added as a currency code to the IATI global aid flow database system emdorsed and supported by the United Nations, the World Bank, etc.

So what?

I have accumulated extensive relevant expertise via 2 years on the Bank of England currency tracking system, the Open Bank Project (the first batch at Level39), a 1 year open banking placement at the Treasury in the Isle of Man Government and bitcoin milestones, so I have had some interesting discussions on possibilities with potential partners in Dublin, Zurich, Luxembourg, New York, Melbourne, etc.

Obviously I have followed the Barclays project with Safello and they are expected to support bitcoin charity donations in Q4 2015 or Q1 2016.

Disclosure: I applied to the Barclays Techstars fintech accelerator.

I had previously discussed a large opportunity in wealth management with Cayman National Bank and, prompted by the announcement of the HM Treasury Open Banking Working Group chaired by Barclays and the Open Data Institute, more recently with Barclays Isle of Man.  Cayman National Bank didn’t have the right existing client profile but I think Barclays will need to do the London thing before it has enough internal momentum to progress something more ambitious offshore.

I defined and requested that Jersey, Guernsey and Gibraltar corporate register and charity regulator reference codes should be added to the global aid flow database system.  Jersey and Guernsey have been added but Gibraltar does not presently meet all the technical requirements.

On 10th November 2015, I flagged a hidden issue at an excellent Wragge Lawrence Graham fintech event with a great keynote by Bob Ferguson from the FCA and “ask me anything” fintech VC panel — actually lots of fintech milestones are self-funded so a mechanism to fund or to refund hacktivist research could accelerate progress in any jurisdiction.

The regulatory sandbox at the UK FCA with a government umbrella company and representative appointment risk management mechanism is real world help to support fintech startups and to let large operators dip their toes in the water and even fail small.

On 1st June 2015, in the UK, the International Development (Official Development Assistance Target) Act 2015 means that 0.7% of spending will be allocated to aid flow each year so transparency on budgets such as £11.4 billion in 2014 are increasingly important.

A little reported response to the Paris attacks was to increase aid flow to fragile states from 30% to at least 50% — the jurisdictions at highest risk of diversion.  So the need to maximise financial reporting at lowest cost, the need to visualise soft power dynamics and ultimately the need to demonstrate sustainable social impact will support a shift to blockchain technology, daily micropayments direct beneficiaries and perhaps even a BIP to automatically allocate some bitcoin ecosystem processing to the nearest direct beneficiary mobile phone as an income stream.

At the RISE conference in Hong Kong I arranged to follow up on key points with Bobby Lee.  Downstairs at the Facebook developers bootcamp I noted that Facebook had hired talent from Ripple etc and that, for example, mainstream bitcoin apps would be ok.

On 18th November 2015, Facebook launched the non-profit donations option but I would expect the most progressive social impact via the internet.org initiative.

Next week, I will progress a bitcoin milestone in London that should indirectly progress Banknotey, a platform to finally extend ebusiness to cash customers so they can have a better life too.

Best regards,

Graeme Jones

bitcoin policy advisor (Isle of Man)

open government hacktivist (global)

co-founder, Banknotey Technology Limited (UK)

http://www.linkedin.com/in/jonesIOM

 

Advertisements

Nepal, interim data and IATI engagement

IATI ENGAGEMENT

Prompted by the news coverage of Nepal, the IATI TAG unconference in Ottawa next week and an open data superhero like Bibhusan Bista, I thought I would look at the world class UK Government open data and the level of IATI engagement.

I assumed that IATI would become the natural hub to share real time open data and to help map official requests and responses to an unfolding crisis such as the Nepal earthquake.

Matched donations are a very successful policy but most donors still like to click through to see the matched donations, data visualisations on allocation efficiency and inspirational images and video clips to see the positive impact of donations.

So interim data should be an IATI focus.

NEPAL PRESS RELEASE

I read the latest news on the UK Government Department for International Development dated 20 May 2015:

https://www.gov.uk/government/news/nepal-earthquake-uk-aid-response

Nepal earthquake: UK aid response

The UK’s humanitarian response now stands at more than £33 million and includes:

£10 million to rebuild vital health services in the worst affected districts;

£5.3 million for UN agencies in Nepal to coordinate the international relief effort and provide clean water and shelter for affected families;

£3 million released under the Rapid Response Facility (RRF) to six charities and NGOs already working on the ground: Save the Children, Mercy Corps Scotland, Care International UK, ActionAid, Oxfam and Handicap International;

£2 million for the British Red Cross;

£5 million to match public donations to the Disasters Emergency Committee’s appeal, which will support NGOs on the ground;

a £5 million package to provide a further team of 30 trauma medics, logistical support and equipment to ease congestion at Kathmandu Airport and humanitarian experts in water, health and sanitation. DFID also deployed a team of more than 60 UK International Search and Rescue (UKISAR) responders and specialist rescue dogs;

£2.5 million for the UN Humanitarian Air Service to enable organisations already on the ground to deliver aid to isolated areas; and

more than £300,000 for Mission Aviation Fellowship (MAF) to provide two Airbus 350 helicopters to get help to more remote regions

I noted that the updated infographic by Ricci Coughlan/DFID has had 4880 views.

I looked at the UK Government DfID publisher page on the IATI website — 127 files but strangely only 1 follower for a leading national publisher:

http://iatiregistry.org/publisher/dfid

I looked at the specific file on Nepal but strangely 0 followers:

http://iatiregistry.org/dataset/dfid-np

DFID Activity File Nepal

I downloaded the dataset (all transactions in CSV format):

http://tools.aidinfolabs.org/csv/direct_from_registry/?xml=http%3A//iati.dfid.gov.uk/iati_files/Country/DFID-Nepal-NP.xml

I reviewed the 2560 rows, focused on column Q (transaction-value_value-date) and sorted the dataset into ascending date order.  I filtered the dataset to rows dated 2015.  The dataset includes 1 commitment in 2015 Q1, 1 commitment in 2015 Q3 and the 2015 Q1 transactions.

I then sorted the dataset on column V (receiver-org).  The dataset includes 3 rows with aggregated small transactions in 2014 Q4 (deleted), 2 rows with commitments (deleted), 1 row with negative expenditure such as an overpayment (deleted), 12 rows marked “correction” with a transaction and reverse transaction (deleted) and 37 rows perhaps unexpectedly marked “supplier name withheld” in a transparency database (retained).

total transactions value = GBP 8,609,560

BENCHMARKED DATA

I downloaded the Open Nepal dataset on commitments and aid flow and filtered UK transactions:

http://earthquake.opennepal.net/aid-type/2

http://earthquake.opennepal.net/aid-csv-file

total transactions value = GBP 32,862,438

19x rows

I then downloaded and filtered the source dataset at the UN OCHA FTS (Financial Tracking Service) on the Nepal appeal site:

http://fts.unocha.org/pageloader.aspx?page=emerg-emergencyDetails&appealID=1100

total transaction value = GBP 33,897,941

19x rows but with an extra GBP 295,858 to UN Agencies (GBP 739,645) and an extra GBP 739,645 to UNICEF National Committee/UK (GBP 2,218,935)

However, the IATI dataset is significantly lower due to quarter end reporting.

total transactions value = GBP 8,609,560

AID MATCH

Our hugely successful Aid Match scheme has helped boost the British public’s own generous donations to different charity campaigns.

A good enough reason to upload interim data is so that private donors can click through to matched government donations and any third party data visualisations, infographics, etc.

NEXT STEPS

So could interim data increase IATI engagement?  Could twitter change the world??

#UKaid #Nepal

IATI TAG

http://www.aidtransparency.net/technicaladvisorygroup/tag-governance

obviously Chair John Adams

@johnthegeo

DfID

https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/department-for-international-development

@dfid_uk

https://www.gov.uk/government/news/dfid-welcomes-new-ministerial-team

DFID welcomes new ministerial team

re-appointment as Minister of State for International Development, Desmond Swayne

@DesmondSwayne

appointment as Minister of State for International Development, Grant Shapps

@GrantShapps

re-appointment as Secretary of State for International Development, Justine Greening

@JustineGreening

appointment as Parliamentary Under Secretary of State Baroness Verma

@Baroness_Verma (only 1 tweet though)